Pengertian GRAFIS VEKTOR dan BITMAP

by Monday, August 18, 2014 56 komentar
Pada saat saya masih SMA, seorang guru TIK menyuruh mencari perbedaan atara grafis vektor dan grafis bitmap. Begitupun dengan kedua pengertian tersebut disuruh mencari sebagai tugas du hari itu. Hal ini saya posting sebagai referensi saya dalam pelajaran TIK di sekolah.
Mari kita sama-sama membaca dan mempelajarinnya. Mungkin pada saat masih SMA atau mencari tugas yang sama memudahkan kawan-kawan mencari referensi perbedaan dan pengertian mengenai grafis vektor dan bitmap.



1. Pengertian Grafis Vektor dan Bitmap

Pengertian Grafis Vektor

Grafis vektor adalah objek gambar yang dibentuk melalui kombinasi titik-titik dan garis dengan menggunakan rumusan matematika tertentu.

Pengertian Grafis Bitmap

Grafis Bitmap adalah objek gambar yang dibentuk berdasarkan titik-titik dan kombinasi warna.

2. Kelebihan dan kekurangan grafis vektor dan bitmap

Kelebihan Grafis Vektor

- Ruang penyimpanan untuk objek gambar lebih efisien

- Objek gambar vektor dapat diubah ukuran dan bentuknya tanpa menurunkan mutu tampilannya

- Dapat dicetak pada resolusi tertingi printer Anda

- Menggambar dan menyunting bentuk vektor relatif lebih mudah dan menyenangkan

Kekurangan Grafis Vektor

- Tidak dapat menghasilkan objek gambar vektor yang prima ketika melakukan konversi objek gambar tersebut dari format bitmap

Kelebihan Grafis Bitmap

- Dapat ditambahkan efek khusus tertentu sehingga dapat membuat objek tampil sesuai keinginan.

- Dapat menghasilkan objek gambar bitmap darionjek gambar vektor dengan cara mudah dan cepat, mutu hasilnya pun dapat ditentukan

Kelemahan Grafis Bitmap

- Objek gambar tersebut memiliki permasalahan ketika diubah ukurannya, khususnya ketika objek gambar diperbesar.

- Efek yang diidapat dari objek berbasis bitmap yakni akan terlihat pecah atau berkurang detailnya saat dicetak pada resolusi yang lebih rendah

3. Mengetahui aplikasi untuk membuat grafis vektor dan bitmap

Program aplikasi untuk membuat grafis vektor dan bitmap itu banyak sekali macamnya, seperti Page Maker, Corel Photo Paint, CorelDraw, Adobe Photoshop dan masih banyak lagi yang lainnya. Tetapi yang akan dibahas disini program aplikasi CorelDraw dan Adobe Photoshop.

CorelDraw merupakan salah satu program yang banyak digunakan dalam pembuatan desain grafis dan editing Bitmap yang dilengkapi dengan full color management system dan interactive tools yang memudahkan dalam pembuatan dan editing suatu objek.

Sedangkan Adobe Photoshop merupakan salah satu program aplikasi yang digunakan unuk mengedit sebuah gambar (image) menjadi gambar yang lebih menarik, serta bisa menyunting foto dan gambar-gambar yang telah di-scan ke dalam komputer.

Sekian postingan ini mungkin ada yang ingin belajar dan mendalaminya pada saat kuliah coba baca mengenai Kuliah Design Engineer Vs Art Design dimana jika saudara pembaca memilih kuliah Design Art akan banyak menggunakan program-program yang berbasis Bitmap, sedangkan Design Engineer lebih menggunakan metode gambar dengan Vector.

Daftar Istilah Pending dalam Design Grafis :

  • Fill : Isi dari suatu objek kurva atau bidang-bidang tertentu, biasanya berupa warna.
  • Natural : Warna atau kesan alamiah.
  • Node : Titik-titik penghubung antar garis pada suatu objek.
  • Pixel : Picture element, bagian terkecil dari gambar bitmap, berupa titik titik penyusun gambar.
  • Stroke : Objek garis dari suatu gambar.

AR

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56 comments:

  1. Terima kasih infonya sob sangat bermanfaat

    ReplyDelete
  2. Maaf mas... Sekedar meluruskan, grafis vektor itu terbentuk dari garis dan kurva, sedangkan grafis bitmap terbentuk dari titik-titik atau pixel. Referensi mas dari mana ya? Tolong di perhatikan biar ngga salah

    ReplyDelete
  3. Maaf mas... Sekedar meluruskan, grafis vektor itu terbentuk dari garis dan kurva, sedangkan grafis bitmap terbentuk dari titik-titik atau pixel. Referensi mas dari mana ya? Tolong di perhatikan biar ngga salah

    ReplyDelete
  4. Benar mas mohon dicek kembali artikelnya.

    bagi agan yang ingin menambah ilmu di bidang desain grafis bisa dilihat di Kursus Desain Grafis di Denpasar

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. bagi agan yang ingin menambah ilmu di bidang desain grafis bisa dilihat di Kursus Desain Grafis di Denpasar

      Delete
  5. Terimakasih Infonya
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    ReplyDelete
  6. Maaf tolong di benerin nih artikelnya, mksh sudah membantu

    ReplyDelete
  7. keren juga... numpang share gan.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Makasih,,,kak. Bermanfaat banget...

    ReplyDelete
  9. Thanks gan, sangat bermanfaat.

    kunjungi juga http://vectorgayeng.tk

    ReplyDelete
  10. thanks bro. bermanfaat bingits

    ReplyDelete
  11. bisa di jelaskan lagi tentang program yang mengolah desain grafis vektor apa-apa saja dan program yang mengolah desain grafis bitmap apa saja, menurut saya kurang jelas dan hanya itu saja yg perlu di jelaskan. terimakasih.

    ReplyDelete
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